How the EITI May Become Mongolian, Part 2 of 2

Memo #337

By Christopher Carter – cj [at] and Dulguun Davaanyam – d.dlgn [at]

EITI_Mongolia_ChrisDuulgun_photo2In the second part of this video, we examine how the EITI, and more specifically the EITI report, can and has had an impact reducing the negative social, cultural, and environmental impacts of mining by empowering civil society and stakeholders with the knowledge the… Continue reading

How the EITI May Become Mongolian, Part 1 of 2

Memo #336

By Christopher Carter – cj [at] and Dulguun Davaanyam – d.dlgn [at]

EITI_Mongolia_ChrisDuulgun_photo2As a former Soviet satellite state, Mongolia has experienced a tremendous transition to free markets and democracy over the past 15 years. Most recently, has been the realization of the country’s vast mineral wealth. In the past decade, foreign investment and mineral development has… Continue reading

Avoiding the Resource Curse in Mongolia

Pacific Prospective features the research of graduate students

The Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative (EITI) in the Land of the Blue Sky

Memo #332

By Christopher Carter – ultericommunications [at] and Dulguun Davaanyam – live.environmentally.friendly [at]
EITI_Mongolia_ChrisDuulgun_photo2Since moving out of the Soviet orbit, Mongolia has experienced tremendous economic and political change as it continues to move towards a free… Continue reading

Mongolia – From Sino-Russian Buffer to Conversion Zone

Memo #318

By Mendee Jargalsaikhan – mendee [at]

J_MendeeLast autumn, Presidents Xi Jinping and Vladimir Putin made separate visits to Mongolia, met for a tri-lateral (Russia-China-Mongolia) summit in the Tajikistan capital of Dushanbe during the leadership summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), and dispatched their vice-foreign ministers for a working-level meeting in preparation for next year’s summit in Ufa, Russia… Continue reading

By Pipe and Rail: Russia in Search of Shorter Routes to Asian Markets

Memo #301

Putin Prioritizes Geo-Economics over Geo-Politics

By Mendee Jargalsaikhan – mendee [at]

J_MendeeRussia’s largest state-owned oil giants, Transneft and Rosneft, as well as Russian railroad authorities are again eyeing Mongolian routes as the shortest, most efficient, and safest way to Asian markets. Russia’s previous transport options to these markets—through the Russian Far East (RFE), North… Continue reading

Visas, Medicine, Education: Feeling Chinese Soft Power in Mongolia

Pacific Prospective features the research of graduate students.

Memo #256

By Jargalsaikhan Mendee – mendee [at]

China has been gradually increasing its soft power in neighbouring Mongolia, from offers of visa-free travel to access to its medical facilities, and most recently, growing educational opportunities in China for Mongolians. These policies have gone far in diminishing… Continue reading

Keeping Neighbours Closer: Beijing’s Geopolitical Pitch

Pacific Prospective features the research of graduate students.

Memo #249

By Jargalsaikhan Mendee – mendee [at]

Lately, Chinese leaders have been busy bolstering relations with their immediate neighbours.  As evidence, the Prime Ministers of India, Mongolia, and Russia arrived in Beijing for bilateral meetings with China’s President Xin Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang on the… Continue reading

Tertiary Education in Mongolia: Tackling Mongolia’s Labor Deficit Problem

The Mongolian economy is booming and continues to enjoy an extremely high GDP growth rate. Economic opportunities for citizens in urban and rural settings abound. Mining is a major portion of the economy, with the massive Oyu Tolgoi mining project accounting for a third of Mongolia’s GDP. While World Bank development projects focus on infrastructure development, economic governance and institutional strengthening of the mining sector, the demand for a sufficiently educated Mongolian workforce remains unmet. Continue reading

Cultural Objects and Tradition in Post-Socialist Mongolia

Since the end of Mongolia’s socialist period (1921-1990) the country has been experiencing a “cultural revival”. Post-socialist nationalism permeates private and public life, and deeply colours the way “traditional” culture is imagined. Once religious prohibitions were lifted in the early 1990s, newly constructed Buddhist temples and their monastic populations emerged as sources of authority. Lams (monks) performed rituals to protect Mongolians and the Mongolian state from the uncertainties of the new democratic and capitalist era as much as provide spiritual benefits. Continue reading

The Politics of Mining in Mongolia and Burma/Myanmar

Protests against mining projects reveal contrasts in the political impact of resource extraction in Mongolia, an established 23 year-old democracy, and Burma/Myanmar, a liberalizing authoritarian state. Two similarities are apparent in the domestic tensions surrounding Mongolia’s Oyu Tolgoi and Burma’s Letpadaung copper mines: both governments and populations are keen to balance Chinese influence in their economies; and both struggle to balance development goals with local grievances. Yet, the differing role of the countries’ politicians means that the protests have different outcomes. Continue reading