Central Asia

China and the SCO – Influence and ‘Soft Power’

July 4, 2012 Asia Pacific Memo 4

Memo #169 – The 12th annual meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) which includes China, Russia, and four Central Asian states, concluded in Beijing on June 7th. Growing Chinese influence and “soft power,” emphasizing persuasion over force, were much on display. […]

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Broad Gauge versus Narrow Gauge: The Politics of Dimension in Mongolia’s Railroad System

August 12, 2010 Asia Pacific Memo 0

Memo #11 – The outcome of a debate over railway track dimensions, whether to use broad gauge to Russia, or narrow gauge to China, could determine the direction of Mongolian foreign policy. On one hand, the debate indicates the strength of Mongolia’s democracy. On the other hand, it is a clear example of a geo-economic contest where the standards of a former hegemonic power (Russia) are challenged by an emerging major power (China). […]

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